The History Of Portrait Photography

Modern technology and photographic tools allow for the average person to take a portrait photograph, regardless of experience, training, or even background. Want a picture? Point and shoot! In the past, a person wanting a photographic portrait underwent a much more exhaustive experience. Thankfully, modern technology has made the picture-taking process almost brainless.

Portrait photography is capturing the image of an individual (or group) and deliberately placing emphasis on the face and expressions. You will notice that some portraits capture the entire body and the background, but the face is still the objective to be captured. Don’t confuse a body shot as a candid shot. A candid shot is when the individual is secretly photographed. A portrait shot is a deliberate shot. The pose is deliberate and intended to capture the image of the individual in a certain light. There are an infinite amount of potential poses for a portrait. Depending on the intentions of the photographer, it may or may not be important for the subject to look into the camera.

Portrait photography has been in existence for quite awhile. In the past, it was only affordable by the rich and famous. They didn’t use photography but rather captured the moment using painters. You’re probably wondering how long it would take to ‘paint’ a portrait. The answer: quite a while! But then again, the artists (back then and today) are experts and they can produce quality portrait paintings in minimal time.

Other portrait methods were introduced as history progressed. The Camera Lucida, the silhouette and miniatures, is another method used to create portraits. But of course photography was the fastest way to produce a quality portrait. Photographers used different styles in portrait photography. Daguerrotype, which was introduced by Louis Daguerre, and the Calotype portraits are just two examples.

Sir Joseph Nipce and Louis Daguerre partnered together to improve the technology of photography, eventually leading to the Daguerrotype being the most popular style used for portrait requests. Of course, competition eventually stepped in and caused portrait photography to evolve to a new level. Portrait photography is less expensive (by far) than portrait painting. However, portrait paintings are sill alive and well today.

Portraits have also changed over the years. From individual to family shots and now to special occasions – weddings and other special events are captured in portrait format. Portrait photography isnt magic but rather science at play. In the past, you needed a background and the power of light to do the trick. As technology advanced, it allowed the photographer to take all his necessary equipment and gadgets (his camera!) directly to the action no matter where it was.

Lighting has also played an important role in portrait photography. There are a few well known methods for lighting a portrait, such as the three-point lightning setup: key light, fill light, and hair light. All of these are needed in a studio. You’re probably wondering why it takes three lights. It’s not the light that is necessary to make a pleasant image; it’s the lack of light! By using three different light sources, it’s easy for a photographer to create deliberate, subtle shadows where none would exist if you simply used a single, direct light source.

Indeed, photography has continued to change and it gets more complex (and yet more simple) as time goes by. You can enhance color, image and light by just attaching a gadget onto your camera. Or, you can take a basic image, and then tweak the heck out of it using digital editing software – the end result of which is usually nowhere near the original image taken!

Native Instruments Audio 2 Dj Usb 2.0 Interface – Size Does Not Matter

Native Instruments has always lived up to the expectations of people in providing great software. But today, they are also becoming more and more popular for creating great hardware, especially when it comes to computer audio and USB audio interfaces. And with their latest product, the new Audio 2 DJ USB 2.0 Interface, they are about to prove themselves great once again.

The Audio 2 DJ will surely feed any digital DJ’s craving for high quality, extremely mobile audio interface whether they are using TRAKTOR or other DJing and performance software. Native Instruments did make a statement with this one – it is the smallest DJ USB soundcard in the world, BUT still has the enough punch to shake the world’s biggest clubs down.

Struggling entry level DJs who are looking for the ultimate portability possible for an audio interface without compromising audio quality will find their prayers answered with the Audio 2 DJ. And if you are a digital DJ who does not really need audio recording or time code control, then you got everything that you need with the Audio 2 DJ.

One great thing about the Audio 2 DJ is that, you can practically hook it up in any computer as long as you have a USB 2.0 cable. Its two quarter inch output channels also provides flexibility since it can either be used to route stereo signals to an external mixer, or as a master out and headphone monitor when using the internal mixer of your existing performance software. All you will need is your laptop, and the Audio DJ 2 USB 2.0 is good to go!

If you are thinking that because it is so small, it must have cut its corners in the sound quality department, well you are wrong. You will be amazed that Native Instruments guarantees super high end Circus Logic AD/DA converters. That means you get ultra low latency drivers, hi gain output levels (reaching up to 9.7 dBu on both channels) as well as ultra wide frequency response despite the extremely portable size of the Audio 2 DJ! So, even when you are holding the smallest USB audio interface in the world, you will get uncompromised sound quality and clarity with every detail of your music.

Size is not an issue with the new Audio 2 DJ USB 2.0 Interface from Native Instruments. Having a size no larger than a deck of cards, this bus-powered audio interface literally fits in a pocket and still can accommodate even the most demanding club systems. It houses a new balance of quality, size, and price. So go and get the Native Instruments’ Audio 2 DJ USB 2.0 Interface, today!

The Importance Of Role Models For Entrepreneurs

Do you think you have the capability to become an entrepreneur? There are lots of successful entrepreneurs present in this world today. It is very important to find the right kind of qualities that are required to become successful in this field.

Some people try to begin from the scratch but it is quite difficult to reach the top fast in this way. This is the reason why the young generations of entrepreneurs try to model their behavior on people who have already achieved success in this field.

There are various role models for entrepreneurs. It is very important to choose the right kind of model. When you hear of a role model the first thought that comes to your mind is of people who have reached heights are very popular all over the world.

These people too surely had their own role model who they used to follow. A role model is actually meant for following. Your model can also be a person who belongs to your family or even or your friend circle.

The person might not be well known and popular all over the world but he has made something for himself. You can look for such people in your family. If you have someone very close to you who has already made it to the top then you can even get good suggestion as well as tips from the person.

You must understand the importance of the role models. They will help you learn how to become a successful entrepreneur. The most important thing that entrepreneurs must have is the will to win.

The entrepreneur role models usually help the budding entrepreneur to learn about the various qualities that are necessary to become successful and reach the top. One of the things that you need to find out is the common trait between all the successful owners.

You must always remember that owning and managing a company is not too easy. You need to have enough guts to take proper decisions and also be ready to tae risks. Role models for entrepreneurs might differ from one person to the other but the characteristic traits of these successful people usually remain the same.

You need to follow these traits. People who are successful as entrepreneur are always good leaders. So you must also make sure that you become a good leader and mange your team in the best possible way.

Team work is very important because you alone cannot take your company to the top, you will need help from the employees. This is the reason why you also need to learn how successful entrepreneurs deal with their employees. This is why role models are so much essential.

Trick Photography And Special Effects – Pros And Cons Of Ebook

Trick Photography and Special Effects Review
Evan Sharboneau put together a book and video tutorial that reveals the secrets to taking excellent pictures by using Trick Photography and Special Effects. The great thing about this website is that it will provide you information on how to take great pictures with just a regular camera that you may have on hand. You do not need to buy expensive equipment in order to achieve fantastic results when it comes to taking pictures just by ordering Trick Photography and Special Effects.

Trick Photography and Special Effects PROS

Using special effects to take really magnificent pictures with just a regular camera.

It will show the secrets on how to do light painting images.

How to transform your regular pictures into something better and improved?

Using photography tricks that are complicated to comprehend.

How to create invisible man in your photos?

Using laser pens, flashlight or other household items as visual effects.

Simple tweaks you can do for digital cameras that will provide you incredible pictures.

How to take dynamic and vibrant images?

The privilege of being able to create 3d images.

How to capture star trail images?

How to do a freeze motion picture with a clear image?

How to do a 30 second tweak in order for you take wonderful pictures?

Why your computer scanner is a perfect tool to creating out of this world images?

Get Start Now!
CONS

You have to read 295 pages of instructions on Trick Photography and Special Effects

Watch 9 hours of how-to video tutorials on Trick Photography and Special Effects

Customer Reviews

“I just wanted to say thank you for sharing your technique. I was very inspired so I created a photo of my own using one of your tutorial and it was chosen as one of the best for this week on The National Associate of Photoshop Professionals (NAPP) website! I’m soooooooo happy!!! This is my first photo got picked! Thank you again for sharing all your photography secrets!”

“This is possibly the best photography book I have ever bought and I have wasted my money on a few. Why? Because it shows you the coolest stuff you can do with a camera, it is cheap as and best of all it doesn’t ramble on- It gets straight to the point. Plus the bonus material youtube stuff, etc and support for the net community..need I go on.
Cheers, I look forward to more of your work!
-Daniel Noss

These are basically two customer reviews that came from the website of Trick Photography and Special Effects.
Conclusion

You get to try this material for eight weeks which is absolutely free. You can make your decision then whether you are interested in investing on this material about trick photography and special effects. This way you have nothing to loose. If you would like to order at this moment, you will have access for the rest of your life with Trick Photography and Special Effects. It will only cost you $97 for this material. Ones you order has been processed

Singer 4423 Review

All sewing machines come with different features. It is essential to comprehend the number of stitches available and other assets that a machine offers. Individual needs will dictate what machine will work best. Here is a closer look at the Singer 4423 machine.

Singer 4423 reviews are meant to analyze all the helpful features of this high quality sewing machine. Singer is a trusted brand on the market that produces products for both advanced and beginning sewers. Understanding what this unit offers will be vital during the buying process.

Additional feature must be listed in Singer 4423 reviews. The machine is designed with a powerful motor and durable body. It is solid with its metal frame. The automatic needle threader is extremely convenient. Even though is may seem useless, it can save much time and aggravation. Having 22 stitches available will give a person great creative freedom as well.

Singer 4423 reviews must discuss the number of available stitch options. This machine offers 23 built-in stitches to accommodate various craft projects. This wide variety of stitches will certainly help to expand crafting options. Six stitches are included for essential tasks. These are core stitches used to mend or construct garments. There are four stitches that are meant to move the fabric. Finally, there are 12 stitches that are made to decorate a project and supply special details. This is what makes a project unique.

Singer 4423 reviews must explain the speed control of the machine. This sewing machine is heavy-duty and includes a high-speed and powerful commercial grade motor. This machine can be used on almost any material. It provides free motion sewing and has the ability to sew 1100 stitches each minute.This unit includes an option to create button holes. Instead of manually cutting and sewing a hole, a person can take advantage of a fully automatic, one step button-hole function for professional results.

This Singer sewing machine includes a number of accessories. Besides the multiple feet, there is a quilting guide, multiple bobbins, a pack of needles, thread spool caps, spool pin felt, auxiliary spool pin, lint brush, and a dust cover.Singer has a fine reputation for quality machinery. They stand behind all the products that they manufacture. They offer a generous 25 year warranty on the sewing machine head, limited 2 year warranty on electrical parts, and a limited 90 day warranty on labor. There are no worries when considering this sewing machine.

Audio Mastering And Voice Over Recording Features Of Music Studio

Many people have a dream of becoming a singer or a band member. They want to enter in the music industry, share their talent and show their passion for music. However, the first question that comes in their mind is “where should I start?” Obviously, they should create their own music or sample of composition. Generally, it takes a lot of time as people need to practice more to present their best one with great lyrics and wonderful beats. Music studio is a best place to practice as it will help in giving the best output than home recording studio. Some studios also offer specialising services like mixing of voice, voice over recording, audio mastering, etc.

There are a few things that everyone should consider while choosing the best music studio to get completely satisfying results. An important part of the recording procedure is audio mastering. Getting music mastered by the right person is more important to increase the overall quality of the music. The qualified engineers, who have learned song mastering in their own way and time, are responsible for editing and fine finishing to the recorded music. You will understand the importance of audio mastering once you hear final recording done by professional and the recording done by you.
Nowadays, audio mastering and voice over recording is no longer expensive, due to the evolution of digital mixers and digital mastering software. They have made visiting a music studio more affordable and setting up one easier. Despite the digital manipulation, it is still a lengthy process and should be done by only editing the music. For getting perfection, years of practice must be needed. Thats why, it is important to choose the right recording place with an established reputation for producing quality recording through qualified on-site recording engineer.

While choosing a music studio, you should also consider equipment like mixing console, studio monitors, multi-track recorder, and others that are required to do a good job. Many studios use the utmost quality analogue and digital softwares to finalise your mixes and to give it the commercial standard. There are many studios available in Melbourne, which provide the great services. You can find the best one by browsing the internet or taking help of your friends who have already practiced at one of them.

The best music studios are those which offer audio mastering and all the professional touches needed to make a dramatic difference to the impact and quality of your recording. Having a recording done at a professionally mastered recording studio raises the possibilities of success to a great extent, by understanding the potential your recording has and finalising it with voice over recording.

A Review Native Instruments’ Alicia’s Keys Virtual Piano

A new music software is about to take the entire computer audio and music software by storm, striking the perfect balance between soul and R&B.

Developed hand in hand with Grammy-winning artist Alicia Keys, Native Instruments’ Alicia’s Keys Virtual Piano software brings Alicia Keys’ very own music within reach. This software recreates Keys’ signature Yamaha C3 Neo grand piano. The entire project is a product of a close craftsmanship between the renowned keyboard software developer Thomas Scarbee and Alicia Keys herself. Native Instruments was able to capture that distinct Alicia Keys sound, after two full years of hard work!

Using nothing but the best vintage microphones and high-end outboard studio gear, this new sampled grand is not your everyday instrument. It has a number of strong features and a great tone, at a modest price.

This new music software utilizes 17GB of high resolution samples paired with 12 discrete velocity layers per note. It uses sophisticated emulation of crucial sonic aspects such as key release, pedal sustain functionality as well as sympathetic resonance.

Alicia’s Keys user interface also provides complete control over the sound in order to further adjust it to the particular musical preference and personal playing style of the user. And to make things even better, it also includes a studio-quality convolution reverb that allows a number of authentic room ambiances ranging from a small piano chamber to a large stage or concert hall.

The actual piano of Alicia Keys is a Yamaha C3, a part of the limited edition Neo cabinetry. It is a six-foot grand, which means that its low register is less full and deep than on a nine-foot concert grand. Yamaha pianos are widely respected for their bright, in-your-face sound, and that the same characteristic is preserved in this music software.

You will be very impressed with the realistic features of Alicia’s Keys. The velocity response makes it extremely playable even when you are not as good as Alicia Keys and every range of the keyboard responds well just as it should.

Aside from its built-in convolution reverb, it also has a standard DSP reverb that gives you more options if you are running on a slower computer. However, even without the reverb, the piano’s natural ambiance is beautiful. Probably because of its meticulous tuning – each unison has exactly the right amount of microscopic tuning, making the tone of the choruses almost perfect, just like on a real piano.

Alicia’s Keys is ideal for a pop ballad sound, richer and more up-front than the Yamaha C7 or the German Steinway. It is by far the most inviting to play and the most flexible to use among all other piano samples and virtual pianos.

Make music out of sheer inspiration. Evoke deep emotions with every note. Get Native Instrument’s Alicia’s Keys Virtual Piano* today!

The Musical Traditions And Instruments Of The Zulu

African music is the music of Africans who live in a large region of 50 nations, each with a special culture, history and language, South of Sahara. Zulu musical instruments are part of this multilingual culture. African music has some distinct characteristics: the use of repetition is one of them. Another important characteristic is the polyphony; this is the combination of different musical parts played simultaneously.

The history is marked by the awesome military strategies of the Zulu King Shaka. The King’s and his warriors’ campaign of expansion is well known in world history. Zulu rich traditional culture includes songs, dances and colorful rituals, Zulu musical instruments are spectacular and original. A variety of Zulu musical instruments are well known, s well as the traditional Mine dance; Zulus have longtime used their music as a cry for freedom.

African music is really rich in modes of expression: drum ensembles are using Zulu musical instruments from the percussion family. Each drummer uses special methods to produce sounds to distinguish his drum from the others. Iron bells are very popular Zulu musical instruments; they are used to produce a repeated sound to help the drummers to play at the correct time.

Zulu musical instruments, rare and very special
The akadinda is a king of xylophone; two groups of African musicians are playing simultaneously. The first group is playing repeatedly the same pattern; the second group plays to fill in the missing sounds. Groups of Zulu musicians play also using flutes, trumpets or xylophones. Each player plays a single note in a strange rotation with the other players. The result is a polyphonic piece, characteristic to African music.

Musical practices of South African people were observed from many years; Zulu musical instruments are obsolete. Venda mbila is an old Zulu musical instrument; it is not used anymore. Reed flutes, contrary, are still very popular. The influence of foreign cultures and civilizations causes many of old Zulu musical instruments to become obsolete.

Musical instruments such as tsonga – a horn, ingungu – a friction drum, nkoka – a drum, pedi – a flute, venda – musical bow and stick, deze and demba – thumb piano and resonatos, umfece – ankle rattles are almost obsolete.

To preserve this awesome heritage of Zulu musical instruments, the necessary information was entered into a database; each Zulu musical instrument was digitally photographed to preserve all information about it.

History Of Ukrainian Pop-music And Popular Ukrainian Singers

Since singer Ruslana won the Eurovision Pop Song Contest Ukrainian pop-music had become popular throughout the world. People listen to Ukrainian pop-music with pleasure all over the world.

Many Ukrainian pop singers – Sofia Rotaru, Iryna Bilyk, Oleksandr Ponomariov, VIA Gra, Ruslana, Ani Lorak, Nadezhda Granovskaya, Alena Vinnickaya, Anna Sedokova, Svetlana Loboda, Vera Brezhneva, Verka Serduchka have gained popularity outside Ukraine long time ago, especially in the Russia, USA, Japan and many European countries.

Ukrainian pop music was born a long time and in agony. Biographers did not fix the exact date of her birth, but many suggest that this date does not coincide with the birthday of the independent Ukraine. Music was born a little earlier – in 1989 with the first festival ‘Chervona Ruta’. This festival healed the border between traditional singers (Sofia Rotaru, Vladimir Ivasyuk) and a new wave of Ukrainian pop music.

Now times have changed, and you can see new stars on the stage – Ruslana, Ani Lorak, Svetlana Loboda, the group “Via Gra”, Alena Vinnickaya, Verka Serduchka. Today on the Ukrainian stage represented almost all musical styles: from folk to acid jazz. Club culture is actively growing.

Ukrainian Star Factory opens new bright talents, such as Dantes and Oleynik, Boris Aprel. Participants of the well-known TV project are gaining more and more girls’ hearts each day.

Girls band “NikitA” and the singer Marta is very popular musical projects. Marta – a permanent participant of various television and radio programs, a guest on the most significant sporting and social events, actively supports a variety of charitable and social activities.

NikitA is extraordinary modern Ukrainian pop-group, and was created for the attention of the male audience. NikitA is two-sex aggressive girls, ready to show all the charms of their body and voice (Dasha Astafieva and Julia Kavtaradze).

Ukrainian pop music arose with the international popularity of groups like Vopli Vidoplyasova, Vij, Okean Elzy, Via Gra et al. and individual musicians, such as Ani Lorak, Tina Karol, Alena Vinnickaya and Ruslana.

Also progresses Ukrainian rock music. Among the most famous groups – “Ocean Elzy”, “Vopli Vidoplyasova “, “TNMK”, “Skryabin”, Lama. Ukrainian Rock festivals like “Rock-Existence”, “Taras Bulba” are held regularly.

Online Customer Care is Instrumental in Reducing Product Returns

Remember the gleam in their eyes when the customer walked out of the store with your product in hand. You saw their desire to rush home, tear open the packaging, and use the product! What may seem like a job well done becomes a bitter pill to swallow when the same individual reappears to make a product return. Gone is the excitement! There is now a disgruntled look on their face and the angry customer is now demanding a full refund! You can appease him with a 100% refund but the hassle has just begun! You will also endure the repackaging, restocking and reselling costs and by the end of the day, all product returns will affect your bottom line!

Here are two steps your business can take to reduce product returns:

1. Implement online customer care

‘Prevention is better than cure’ is more than a popular idiom. It aptly applies to online customer service. This online CRM application connects visitors to a customer service representative through live chat. Online customer care is instrumental in reducing product returns by proffering support while the customer is shopping. CSRs analyze online metrics such as excessive keywords and webpage duration to understand if a customer is in need of assistance. Online customer service gives customers an opportunity to discuss product technicalities, shipping and return policies. This one-on-one conversation eliminates all quandaries so the wrong purchase decision isn’t made!

2. Limit the window for returns

While, 30 days is the standard window for return, some retailers are implementing a strict policy of 7-10 days to return a product. Make the return policy visible on your website and on receipts to minimize customer confusion. Richard Ignatz (President of Boutique Emmanuel) explains, “As a small boutique that carries a limited number of garments in each size, when a customer brought back an item back 30 or 60 days later, the season was over and I would have to put it on the 50- to 75-percent-off rack. We missed a chance to sell it to someone else two or three times in that period.”